It’s seemingly easy to install VMware Tools especially on Linux. In reality, it can take hours to get it installed correctly for the first time. The KB article on VMware site is unnecessarily complicated, and could be a source of confusion.
Here is one line to get your Open VMware Tools installed on CentOS 7.
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# yum install -y open-vm-tools
Resetting the virtual machine will also do the job.
Notice, the above command has been tested on multiple CentOS 7 minimal install. It should also works for earlier version 6. If not working for you, please leave a comment.